Camels are fond of dry and arid climates of Arabia, Africa and the Middle East. They entered the domestic arena when man began harnessing its powers for its better about 5,000 years ago.
These animals proved to be vital for surviving the tough conditions of deserts. Gradually, they were employed for the purpose of transporting men, women and children besides goods and artifacts of daily use. They were also reared to be used as drought animals that would provide milk, meat and wool.
Camels are one of the most typical creations on Earth who have shaped themselves to suit the dry and arid conditions of the deserts where water is scarce and rare. The fluctuating temperature in the deserts also provides a challenge for the normal human, but not for the camel.
Camels have a fur coat which is cream of brown in colour. The fur protects the animal's skin from the crippling heat of the sun, and also insulates it against the night's chill. There are just two toes on each foot specially designed to prevent them from sinking in the desert's sand.
Camels have a wonderful eyesight and a wonderful sense of smell. They can brave sandstorms without the sand getting into their nose because they can close their nostrils temporarily. They have huge amounts of fat and water stored in their humps to help them survive through hard times when it is going to be hard to find water and food.
This remarkable ability to survive through the desert without food and water for days to end has been harnessed by many in search of good means of transport through the deserts. The camels have even gained the epithet of ‘ship of the desert’.